Case Report| Volume 19, ISSUE 3, 104533, March 2023

An Adult Male With Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease: A Case Report

Published:February 02, 2023DOI:


      • Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) is a transmissible, progressive, neurodegenerative disease.
      • The clinical features of sCJD include rapidly progressive cognitive decline, myoclonus, visual or cerebellar symptoms, pyramidal or extrapyramidal signs, and akinetic mutism.
      • Diagnostic tools of sCJD include electroencephalography, brain magnetic resonance imaging, cerebrospinal fluid 14-3-3 protein level, and real-time quaking-induced conversion assay.
      • Intestinal pseudo-obstruction has been observed in patients with sCJD, but the relationship between sCJD and autonomic nervous system dysfunction is unclear.


      Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a transmissible, progressive, neurogenerative disease that carries a uniformly poor prognosis. It is caused by an accumulation of misfolded prions that affect the structural conformation of the surrounding proteins. Sporadic CJD is the most common form of CJD, accounting for 85% to 95% of all CJD cases. The rarity of CJD makes its diagnosis challenging, and it can mimic other neurologic conditions. The CJD International Surveillance Network diagnostic criteria include clinical features and diagnostic findings with which health care providers should be familiar. The purpose of this report is to present a case of postmortem definite CJD.


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      Fnu Alfandy, DNP, AGACNP-BC, ANP-BC, is the Advanced Practice Provider Program manager at Stanford Health Care Neurosciences Service Line in Stanford, CA, and can be contacted at [email protected].


      Hamid Reza Salari-Namin, MD, is a vascular neurologist at Eisenhower Health in Rancho Mirage, CA.


      Dennis Kaighn Constan, PharmD, MBC, BCPS, is a clinical pharmacist at Eisenhower Health.