- •Medical misinformation influences health care outcomes.
- •“Infodemic” during COVID-19 created challenges in pandemic management.
- •Creating a healthy information environment is a health care priority.
- •Nurse practitioners have a vital role in combating medical misinformation.
Medical misinformation existed even before the digital era. However, with the surge in Internet use, misinformation spreads faster to a broader audience. Easy access to misinformation and the lack of trustworthy resources increase people’s vulnerability to misinformation. As a result, medical misinformation became a global public health threat. The US Surgeon General’s call to create a “healthy information environment” highlights the responsibility to address health-related misinformation and minimize its impact on health care outcomes.
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to The Journal for Nurse Practitioners
Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
Already an online subscriber? Sign in
Register: Create an account
Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect
- Preventing the spread of misinformation.American Nurse. 2022; 17
- Systematic literature review on the spread of health-related misinformation on social media.Soc Sci Med. 2019; 240112552https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112552
- Public health and online misinformation: challenges and recommendations.Annu Rev Public Health. 2020; 41: 433-451https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040119-094127
- The MMR vaccine and autism.Annu Rev Virol. 2019; 6: 585-600https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-virology-092818-015515
- The spread of true and false news online.Science. 2018; 359: 1146-1151https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aap9559
- Less than you think: prevalence and predictors of fake news dissemination on Facebook.Sci Adv. 2019; 9 (eaau4586): 5https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aau4586
- Where we go from here: health misinformation on social media.Am J Public Health. 2020; 110: S273-S275https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305905
- When social psychology became less social: Prasad and the history of rumor research.Asian J Soc Psychol. 2002; 5: 49https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-839X.00093
- Misinformation, crisis, and public health—reviewing the literature V1.0. MediaWell. Social Science Research Council; June 25, 2020.https://mediawell.ssrc.org/literature-reviews/misinformation-crisis-and-public-health/versions/v1-0/Date accessed: July 23, 2022
- Psychology of misinformation and the media: insights from the COVID-19 pandemic.Ind J Soc Psychiatry. 2020; 36: 131-137https://doi.org/10.4103/ijsp.ijsp_112_20
- Social prevalence is rationally integrated in belief updating.Open Mind. 2022; 6: 77-87https://doi.org/10.1162/opmi_a_00056
- A political and social history of HIV in South Africa.Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2015; 12: 256-261https://doi.org/10.1007/s11904-015-0259-7
- Measles: an overview of a re-emerging disease in children and immunocompromised patients.Microorganisms. 2020; 8: 276https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms8020276
- Mothers’ sources of child fluoride information and misinformation from social connections.JAMA Netw Open. 2022; 5e226414https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.6414
- Muscle and statins: from toxicity to the nocebo effect.Expert Opinion Drug Safety. 2019; 18: 573-579https://doi.org/10.1080/14740338.2019.1615053
- The US Surgeon General’s advisory on building a healthy information environment.https://www.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/surgeon-general-misinformation-advisory.pdfDate: 2021Date accessed: July 23, 2022
- Framework for managing the COVID-19 infodemic: methods and results of an online, crowdsourced WHO technical consultation.J Med Internet Res. 2020; 22e19659https://doi.org/10.2196/19659
- Confirmatory bias in health decisions: evidence from the MMR–autism controversy.J Health Econ. 2020; 70: 102284https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhealeco.2019.102284
- Integrating Wikipedia editing into health professions education: a curricular inventory and review of the literature.Perspect Med Educ. 2020; 9: 333-342https://doi.org/10.1007/s40037-020-00620-1
- SIFT (The Four Moves). June 19, 2019. Hapgood.https://hapgood.us/2019/06/19/sift-the-four-moves/Date accessed: June 1, 2022
- Lateral reading and the nature of expertise: reading less and learning more when evaluating digital information.Teachers Coll Rec. 2019; 121: 1-40https://doi.org/10.1177/016146811912101102
- Improving college students’ fact-checking strategies through lateral reading instruction in a general education civics course.Cogn Res Princ Implic. 2021; 6: 23https://doi.org/10.1186/s41235-021-00291-4
- The CRAAP Test.LOEX Q. 2004; 31 (Article 4)https://commons.emich.edu/loexquarterly/vol31/iss3/4Date accessed: July 23, 2022
- Communication during radiation therapy education sessions: the role of medical jargon and emotional support in clarifying patient confusion.Patient Educ Couns. 2017; 100: 112-120https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2016.08.006
- Transtheoretical model of behavior change. Salem Press Encyclopedia of Health.https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ers&AN=93872314&site=eds-liveDate: 2021Date accessed: October 19, 2022
- Stages of change model. Rural Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Toolkit. Ruralhealthinfo.org.(Published 2019)https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/toolkits/health-promotion/2/theories-and-models/stages-of-changeDate accessed: July 23, 2022
- Roles for health care professionals in addressing patient-held misinformation beyond fact correction.Am J Public Health. 2020; 110: S288-S289https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2020.305729
- Surveys of trust in the US healthcare system. NORC and ABIM Foundation.https://www.norc.org/PDFs/ABIM%20Foundation/20210520_NORC_ABIM_Foundation_Trust%20in%20Healthcare_Part%201.pdfDate: May 2021Date accessed: July 23, 2022
- Patient-centered communication: basic skills.Am Fam Physician. 2017; 95: 29-34https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p29.htmlDate accessed: July 23, 2022
Letha Joseph, DNP, AGPCNP-BC, is the Geriatric and Extended Care NP Residency Program Director at Durham VA Healthcare System, Durham, NC, and Vaccine Confidence Advisory member for National Nurse-led Care Consortium, and may be contacted at [email protected]
Alphonsa Rahman, DNP, CNS, CCRN, is a clinical nurse specialist at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD.
Reenu Varghese, DNP, FNP-C, is a nurse practitioner at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, TX.
Published online: January 27, 2023
In compliance with standard ethical guidelines, the authors report no relationships with business or industry that would pose a conflict of interest.
Published by Elsevier Inc.