Adverse Childhood Experiences: An Update on Preventative and Treatment Interventions

Published:November 29, 2022DOI:


      • Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are a risk factor for health sequelae.
      • ACEs are negative, atypical, and developmentally unexpected experiences.
      • Twenty percent of adults report exposure to 4 or more ACEs.


      Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been established as a risk factor for myriad physical and mental health sequelae. Despite the lack of a clear definition or exhaustive list, ACEs are generally considered to be negative, atypical, and developmentally unexpected experiences that can exhaust child or adolescent coping reserves. The purpose of this article is to review the available evidence related to interventions to prevent ACEs or to support those already exposed to ACEs in order to inform best practices for both practitioners and policy makers.


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      Brayden Kameg, DNP, PMHNP-BC, CNE, is an assistant professor of nursing at the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing in Pittsburgh, PA, and can be contacted at [email protected]