By Faculty for Faculty| Volume 19, ISSUE 2, 104468, February 2023

HUG Your Baby: Preparing Nurse Practitioner Students to Support Breastfeeding

Published:October 31, 2022DOI:


      • Health care education programs lack sufficient content on breastfeeding.
      • HUG Your Baby teaches breastfeeding by focusing on mother-infant communication.
      • HUG Your Baby improved NP students’ knowledge and confidence in breastfeeding.
      • HUG Your Baby is an effective teaching tool for nurse practitioner programs.


      Breastfeeding is known to have numerous benefits for both mothers and infants. Although the United States reports high breastfeeding initiation rates after birth, the rates of continuation are quite low at both 6 and 12 months. Breastfeeding support in the health care setting is shown to improve the duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding, yet clinicians do not receive adequate training to provide this support to patients and families. By adding the HUG (Help, Understanding, Guidance) Your Baby virtual breastfeeding education program into our women’s health and pediatric nurse practitioner courses, students showed significant gains in knowledge and confidence of breastfeeding support regardless of past personal or professional experience.


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      Malinda S. Teague, DNP, CPNP-AC/PC, is an assistant professor at Duke University School of Nursing in Durham, NC, and can be contacted at [email protected]


      Kathryn J. Trotter, DNP, CNM, FNP, CHSE, is an associate professor at Duke University School of Nursing.