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Prevalence of Diabetes Distress Among Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

      Highlights

      • Adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) reported moderate to significant diabetes distress.
      • Adolescents with T1DM have increased emotional burden related to diabetes management.
      • Adolescents with T1DM are at increased risk for long-term complications and worsening health outcomes.
      • Adolescent females with T1DM reported increased difficulty with interpersonal relationships.
      • An online diabetes distress scale may be an effective tool for identifying diabetes distress among adolescents with T1DM.

      Abstract

      Adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are at increased risk for diabetes distress. This cross-sectional study used the Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) to determine diabetes distress among adolescents with T1DM in a pediatric endocrinology clinic. Sixty-one percent of respondents reported moderate to significant diabetes distress levels, with overall diabetes distress of M = 2.409 (SD = 0.853). Emotional burden subcategory had the highest distress (M = 3.214, SD = 1.449). Minimal distress levels were reported in the physician burden subcategory (M = 1.133, SD = 0.276). Results support the need for routine diabetes distress screening.

      Keywords

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      Biography

      Vanessa L. Hedge, DNP, CPNP-AC, CNEn, is an assistant professor at Radford University School of Nursing, Radford, VA, and can be contacted at [email protected] .

      Biography

      Wendy R. Downey, DNP, MSEd, RN, CNE, is an associate professor and the Interim Dean at Radford University School of Nursing, Radford, VA.

      Biography

      Kimberly F. Carter, PhD, RN, at the time of this work was senior director of nursing research, EBP, and Excellence (now retired).

      Biography

      Hunter Sharp is a biostatistician, Health Analytics Research Team, Carilion Clinic, Roanoke, VA.