A Retrospective Evaluation of a Nurse Practitioner-Led Cancer Genetics Program

Published:January 14, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2021.12.013

      Highlights

      • The Donabedian model allowed for the delineation of structure and process to identify cancer genetics quality care outcome successes and deficiencies.
      • The nurse practitioner (NP)-led cancer genetic screening and surveillance program met all quality outcomes.
      • Using NPs for hereditary cancer syndrome screening and cancer surveillance is a highly effective method of delivering preventative cancer services.
      • This model of care can be implemented in all NP practices, anticipating similar outcomes.
      • Adherence scores were higher than expected as attributed to shared decision-making.

      Abstract

      Background

      Genetics research is not routinely disseminated into gastroenterology clinical practice, thereby missing opportunities to identify hereditary cancer syndromes.

      Aim

      To identify effectiveness outcomes of a nurse practitioner–led cancer genetics program.

      Methods

      The Donabedian model was used to identify program effectiveness outcomes. A screening tool was administered to 10,324 patients.

      Conclusions

      Pathogenic variant carriers were identified in 35% of patients tested. Program screening and surveillance met effectiveness outcomes criteria; tumor testing as a method of screening did not. Nurse practitioner–led cancer genetics programs integrate evidence-based guidelines and provide person-centered care to enhance quality care outcomes.

      Keywords

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      Biography

      Carrie A. Thompson, DNP, ANP-BC, OCN, ACGN, is a gastroenterology nurse practitioner and Clinical Lead of Genetics Program Development at Logan Health Kalispell, MT. She can be reached at [email protected] .

      Biography

      Jane Tiedt, PhD, RN, ANEF, is Associate Professor of Nursing at Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA.

      Biography

      Mirjeta Beqiri, PhD, MBA, is Program Director of Operations Management at Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA.

      Biography

      Deborah W. Smith, DNP, FNP-BC, is Senior Lecturer of Nursing at Gonzaga University, Spokane, WA.