“Nothing Is Like Before”: Iranian Women with Human Papillomavirus' Sexual Life

Published:November 08, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2021.09.024


      Human papillomavirus (HPV) has an adverse effect on the patient’s emotional and sexual health. The current study explored the sexual life of women after HPV diagnosis. In this qualitative content analysis study, 20 Iranian women positive for HPV shared their sexual life through face-to-face, semistructured interviews. “Nothing is like before” reflected women’s experiences of their sexual life after the HPV diagnosis. It comprised 3 categories: abnormal sex life, new attitude toward sexuality, and myths and misconceptions. More attention is needed to the way health care providers and doctors educate women about HPV transmission and HPV treatment because they shape women’s perceptions of HPV.


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      All authors are affiliated with the University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Kowser Qaderi, PhD, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery School.


      Mehrmaz Geranmayeh, PhD, is an associate professor, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery School.


      Seyedeh Tahereh Mirmolaci, PhD, is an assisstant professor, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery School, and can be contacted at [email protected] .


      Farnaz Farnam, PhD, is an associate professor, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery School. Shahrzad Sheikh Hasani is an assistant professor, Gynecology Oncology Department, Iman Khomeini Hospital Complex.