Functional Neurological Disorder: Overview and a Case Study

Published:September 21, 2021DOI:


      Functional neurological disorder (FND) is a common and disabling condition that is associated with motor and sensory symptoms in the absence of structural lesions. Patients tend to be dismissed and/or often undergo extensive diagnostic evaluations that can be unrevealing. Current recommendations stress that FND be ruled in rather than ruled out and that this process is best initiated by primary care providers. Misdiagnosis is rare when careful analysis of symptoms and positive physical signs leads to an accurate assessment which results in improved treatment. A case study demonstrates the usefulness of this approach.


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      Jill Muhrer, DNP, FNP-BC, is an advanced nurse practitioner at the Early Intervention Program, Camden, NJ, and can be contacted at [email protected] .