From Warrior Ethos to Obscurity: Veteran Reintegration Literature Review

Published:February 15, 2021DOI:


      • Veterans often experience reintegration challenges after military service ends.
      • Research suggests impact on veteran physical/mental health and well-being.
      • Literature has highlighted protective factors (support, pride, ability to reframe).
      • Connection, veteran-civilian identity, loss, mental health, and trauma themes emerged.
      • Nurse practitioner awareness and evidence-based intervention have potential to assist veterans.


      Reintegration into the civilian sector is a lived experience military members traverse as they complete their military service and earn the title “veteran.” Although the transition may be relatively smooth, a subset of veterans experiences challenges with potential impacts on health and well-being. The aim of this article is to explore veteran reintegration research findings and to inform nurse practitioners of veteran experiences. Findings revealed concepts representing protective factors and constructs of connection, veteran-civilian identity, loss (culture, community, identity, and purpose), mental health, and trauma. There is a need for continued research that informs the health-care delivery process.


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      Kirsten M. Verkamp, MSN, is a PhD student at University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX. She can be contacted at [email protected] .