Atypical Eating Disinhibition Genotype

Published:February 22, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2018.01.009

      Highlights

      • Eating disinhibition is associated with weight gain and poor weight maintenance.
      • The taste receptor type 2 member 38 gene is associated with increased eating disinhibition.
      • The atypical eating disinhibition genotype was more frequent in obese patients.
      • Earlier genetic genotype screening may help assess risk for obesity.
      • Earlier obesity intervention promotes optimal health outcomes.

      Abstract

      This study identified the frequency of 6 eating behavior genotypes in overweight (body mass index 25-29.9kg/m2) versus obese (body mass index ≥ 30kg/m2) patients. Using a quantitative retrospective design, participant characteristics and genotypes of 6 genes and their associated eating behavior traits were extracted from 698 electronic medical records of patients from 3 medical weight loss clinics. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Obese patients (n = 582) in this sample were significantly more likely to have the atypical eating disinhibition genotype versus overweight patients (n = 116) (P < .001). Nurse practitioners working with obese patients should consider genetic testing as part of obesity prevention.

      Keywords

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      Biography

      Lori E. Arguello, DNP, ANP-BC, is medical provider at The Hernried Center Weight Loss Clinic in Sacramento, CA. She is available at [email protected].

      Biography

      Kasuen Mauldin, PhD, RD, is associate professor with the department of nutrition, food science, and packaging at San José State University in San Jose, CA.

      Biography

      Deepika Goyal, PhD, FNP-BC, is professor at The Valley Foundation School of Nursing, San José State University.