Improving Interdisciplinary Professionals’ Capacity to Motivate Adolescent Behavior Change


      • We determined the effectiveness of adolescent-focused motivational interviewing training
      • We examined changes in knowledge, skills, and confidence of health care professionals in using motivational interviewing strategies
      • We examined continued use of motivational interviewing strategies over time
      • Adolescent-focused training improved health professional practice in the short term


      Nearly 75% of adolescent morbidity and mortality is a result of risky behaviors. In this study we aimed to determine the effectiveness of an adolescent-focused motivational interviewing training in improving health professionals’ knowledge, skills, and confidence in risk reduction counseling with adolescents. Paired t-tests and Spearman’s correlation coefficients for pre- and posttraining showed significant improvements in knowledge, skills, and confidence, with P < .05. Slightly positive correlations between intention and use of strategies at 1 and 3 months posttraining were noted. The findings show that there was an improvement in health professionals’ knowledge, skills, and confidence in counseling adolescents on risky behaviors.


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      Jennifer Salerno, DNP, CPNP, FAANP, was an adjunct faculty at the University of Michigan School of Nursing in Ann Arbor. She is currently associated with Possibilities for Change in Dexter, MI, and can be reached at .


      Kathleen R. Delaney, PhD, PMH-NP, is a professor and specialty coordinator in the Psychiatric Mental Health–FNP Program at the Rush University College of Nursing in Chicago, IL.


      Kathryn D. Swartwout, PhD, APN, is an assistant professor at the Rush University College of Nursing.


      Tsui-Sui Annie Kao, PhD, FNP-BC, is an assistant professor at the University of Michigan School of Nursing.